Skin has a built in epidermal renewal ability whereby the cells differentiate and migrate from the basal layer to the horny layer and eventually desquamate from the surface. The purpose of the stratum corneum (SC) is to prevent water loss. The capability for this to naturally occur is dependent upon the hydration of corneocyte proteins. Water is essential for these metabolic occurrences as well as creates the elastic properties of the cells and the natural moisturiser factors (NMF). Additionally, the presence of adequate water balance promotes the necessary enzyme activity to break the desmosomes at the horny layer so that the cells can properly desquamate (slough). Proper desquamation also sends the signal to the basal cells to regenerate new keratinocytes.
Cells in the stratum corneum layers continuously adjust to external and internal atmospheric conditions. During dry conditions, the cells hydrate from the available water within the body. When deprived of adequate water supply, these upper layers may become dry, chapped and patchy. This condition also increases the susceptibility of penetration of external substances. The lipid-rich extracellular spaces of the SC make up the most important component of the barrier to water loss. There is a requirement for relative proportions of water within these layers. Consistent atmospheric dryness interferes with the normal functioning of the skin barrier.
Remedial care for this skin condition requires restoration of the barrier. It necessitates a careful analysis by trained skin care therapists to determine underlying causes so that an accurate corrective program can be implemented.
Summary of Exfoliating Agents
Many skin care treatments involve a process called “exfoliation” or “peels” that is normally performed for several skin conditions including ageing, sun damaged, and mild acne. Most people have at one time or other experienced glycolic or lactic acids as a clinic treatment with their beauty therapist or used other types of exfoliation products at home. The purpose is to “force” any buildup of skin cells at the top of the skin to exfoliate. We are summarizing several types of exfoliation treatments as an education process. There are both mechanical and chemical agents that help to remove buildup on the stratum corneum.
– See a list of exfoliating agents at: http://www.dermaviduals.com.au/what-my-skin-needs/exfoliation/#sthash.G45nSq89.dpufdermaviduals® approach
After determining the underlying cause of a skin condition, a customized program for repair may include in-clinic treatments using specific masks containing enzymes, peeling cream with a home care regimen that includes DMS® base creams, Oleogel Plus, Novrithen®.
Many of the peels: Glycolic Acid, Salicylic Acid, Jessner’s Peel, micro-dermabrasion, listed above have a tendency to over-exfoliate, and can thin the skin leaving it vulnerable, stressed and compromised.
For benefits of a fresh, revitalized skin without any negative side effects, our dermaviduals® enzyme peel provides a perfect solution. This peels gently refine the surface of the skin, preparing for the infusion of your pure, active dermaviduals® ingredients.
- Refines the pores
- Clarifies and evens skin tone
- Gentle, safe and effective exfoliation
- Increased receptivity for subsequent active ingredients
- Actively dissolves and prevents comedones, milia and pustules
The skin will appear fresh and radiantly smooth after this in-salon treatment. No skin flaking, or ‘down time’ is expected, however, a slight tingling sensation may be felt when the mask is applied.
At home use dermaviduals® Peeling Cream http://dermavidualsusa.com/product/dms-peeling-cream/ and Dermaroller home roller https://dermarollerus.com/official-home-dermaroller-micro-needling-roller
Rawlings, A.V. (2006) Chapter 24: Sources and Role of Stratum Corneum Hydration. Skin edited by Elias and Feingold, Taylor & Francis. p. 399, p. 401, p. 405
Zani, A. J. (July 2008) Advanced Skin Rejuvenation. beautyNZ Magazine, New Zealand.
Elias, P.M., Feingold, K.R., Fartasch, M. (2006). Chapter 16: The Epidermal Lamellar Boyd as a Multifunctional Secretory Organelle. Skin edited by Elias and Feingold, Taylor & Francis. p. 264
Lautenschläger. H. (2007). Enzymes, – the silent brownies. Kosmetik International (1), 46-48. Ibid Allison, Rhonda
This dossier has been prepared on behalf of dermaviduals Australia and New Zealand as a reference that relates to various skin conditions. In no way does it replace the advice of your medical practitioner or a dermatologist. All views represent the research and findings of the writer in conjunction with derma aesthetics.